Today’s post is a guest-blog by a talented young writer by the name of Aris DeMarco. I don’t know if you’re like me, but I freakin’ love this stuff. Enjoy!
Ever since the primitive beginning of heavy athletics and strength sports, there has been the simple question “who is strongest?” And while the quest to define a single ‘strongest man ever lived’ may be a fruitless one, there are quite a few names that should be brought up in such a discussion—Marvin Eder’s is one of them. Pat Casey, the first man to bench press over 600 pounds, said that “pound for pound, Marvin Eder was probably the strongest man of all time.”
Eder was something of a tragic figure in the world of physical culture, due to his early retirement from strength sports at age 23. His short-lived career, however, only makes his tremendous accomplishments that much more impressive. Never weighing more than 200 pounds, he was a top tier Olympic lifter and bodybuilder, and had enormous strength in a number of uncontested ‘odd’ lifts.
Weights or bodyweight, barbells or dumbbells, high or low repetitions, Eder did it all and did it frighteningly well. His pressing strength and endurance from all angles was nearly otherworldly—he overhead pressed 330 in competition as a middle-heavyweight when Jim Bradford, a 270-pound superheavyweight, held the world record with 370. Eder became the first man under 200 to bench over 500, did a parallel bar dip with over 400 pounds of extra weight, 25 handstand pushups on a horizontal ladder, side pressed a 120-pound dumbbell for 50 repetitions and managed a crucifix hold with a pair of 100’s. According to David Gentle, Eder could squat 475 for multiple sets of 10 in a normal training session; Eder himself claimed that he squatted 300 for 50 and deadlifted 665 “like an afterthought” after one training day. The rest of his lifts were equally impressive—he split snatched 265 in competition with poor form, almost muscling the weight up; strict curled over 215 on a straight bar at an exhibition, did 8 one-arm chins with each arm (some training partners say that they saw him do 12 or more) and 80 wide grip pullups, and performed a straight-arm pullover with 210 pounds. These are staggering numbers, especially when one considers that they were all accomplished by an athlete normally weighing 180-190 pounds.
Doing all of this, in the pre-steroid era, before even turning 25 clearly marks Eder as a genetic marvel—a very, very gifted athlete. Eder himself said when speaking with Gene Mozee, “I was blessed with God-given strength”, and in a 2007 interview with David Robson noted that “I had enormous recuperative powers and was always ready for the next workout” and that he was “not at all” an average person. Obviously, attempting to copy Eder directly would not be wise, and certainly would not get a trainee nearly the same results. However, there is much we can learn from Eder and his training methods, especially because his abilities as an ‘all-rounder’ are undoubtedly something for any lifter to aspire to. Having looked over many of his interviews, anecdotes and routines, I think there are a few lessons that can be taken away from Eder himself.
1. Don’t limit yourself
Unless you yourself are an elite level competitor in a certain strength sport, there’s no reason to have tunnel vision and limit your focus to just the powerlifts, or the Olympic lifts, or anything else specifically. One thing that many of the best lifters from the 1890s all the way through the 1960s seemed to have in common was their willingness to experiment, and develop their own favorite lifts in addition to whatever they had to do for competition. There’s definitely something to be said for that jack-of-all-trades mentality, developing all-around power and general rather than purely specific strength. And though Eder was a competitive Olympic lifter he also did plenty of heavy benches, laterals, curls—which doubtless helped him in his bodybuilding career—along with his heavy chins, dips, and occasional phases of high rep training. “I sometimes felt like doing high repetitions in the deep-knee bends,” Marvin said in his 2007 interview with Dave Robson, “so I did sets of 50 with 300 pounds and I would do side presses with 120 pound dumbbells, sets of 50 on each arm….” Clearly, this sort of ability with varied lifts in different rep ranges can’t be attained by sticking stubbornly to just one type of training or only a few lifts.
This may seem somewhat contradictory to the first point, but it’s important to focus even when more variety is incorporated. Looking at Eder’s own training, it’s apparent that in addition to the three Olympic lifts (press, snatch, and clean-and-jerk, at that time) he liked squats, benches, chins and dips, along with curls and laterals. Prioritizing that handful of lifts for years, for low or high reps, through many changes in routine, is what gave Eder the sort of all-around power apparent from seeing his records. I believe that focusing on progression continually with any chosen lifts, even through changes in routine, is a very important piece of common sense that some lifters miss. It seems that quite a few trainees change many of their goals every time they alter their routine—but no one will have really impressive numbers without actually concentrating on a particular lift for at least a few years. So focus, even when diversity is incorporated, is very important. Eder definitely didn’t throw random lifts together for his training, he stuck with a fairly short list of his own favorite exercises along with the ones he competed in, and took them as far as possible over a long period of time.
3. Build volume gradually
Eder reportedly trained like a maniac, saying that Reg Park “was one of the few guys who could keep up with me.” Reg was himself a tremendous lifter as well as a champion bodybuilder—Schwarzenegger’s original role model, in fact—and he too was known to train at a very fast pace. That he and not many others could keep up with Eder is proof of the intensity that Marvin brought to the gym. Eder also incorporated very high volume in his training, saying to Dave Robson that “at one time I would train six or seven hours a day and the number of sets sometimes went up to 15 per body part….” For a drug-free lifter, even one with well above average recovery abilities, this tolerance for heavy training must have been built up over time. Eder explained that “at the beginning I trained every other day. Then as I advanced I would do split training: upper body one day, legs and midsection the next day. Then as I advanced beyond that I started to do Olympic lifting along with the training and at that time it went to four times a week….”
Here’s one of Eder’s more basic routines as explained to Gene Mozee: The whole body is trained every session, 3 days a week on alternate days.
- Squats. Close stance, slightly below parallel.
- Bench press. Medium grip width, lower to a high point on your chest.
- Bent over row from hang, same weight as bench press. Keep your back parallel to the floor and pull the bar to your rib cage.
- Standing press, taking the weight off the rack. Don’t pause at the top or bottom.
- Chins or pulldowns, bringing the bar to your upper chest.
- Seated dumbbell curls
- 100 reps for abs.
Sets and reps for the above done as follows. Do 3 sets of 8 with a straight weight for the first two weeks, then 4×6 for another two weeks. Deload for a week, then do 5×5-7 for a month, deload another week, then 3×3-5 for a month followed by 3×6-8 for a month. Rest as long as necessary between sets and warm up well, and try to eat 1.1 grams of protein for each pound of your own weight.
After those basic full body routines, as Eder said, he switched to an upper/lower split approach. One of his press routines from this period, according to an article by Paul Waldman:
Warmup: 205×5, 255×2, 290×3
Workout: 300×4-5 sets of 3
According to the article, “Marvin’s press has usually increased about 15lb every 6 months. As of February 1953, his best press, at a bodyweight of 198 pounds, was 340 pounds.”
Eventually, Eder moved on to his preferred four-day split, two on one off.
Day 1—overhead press, dips, squats, snatches, abs
Day 2—Bench, chins, deadlifts, calf raises.
“Train consistently and use whatever set and rep scheme you feel comfortable with.”
This was apparently when Eder really began ramping up the total volume and workload on his primary lifts. Reps and sets ranged from 5×10 to 10-15 sets of lower reps, to the aforementioned 50-rep sets on some exercises, maybe higher volume for the chins, dips, and abs; or even the occasional grueling 7-hour session as Eder mentioned to Robson.
As you can see from these routine examples, Eder built himself up and conditioned himself to train hard and heavy and high volume, over a long period of time. Again, he was no average lifter but he is proof that a natural trainee can adapt to seriously high workloads in the gym, given enough time and dedicated work.
4. Don’t neglect conditioning
Even with an emphasis on heavy training, it’s important to keep some endurance or conditioning work in the mix. This doesn’t mean throwing circuit training or long runs or HIIT in after every lifting session, of course. Eder said that he didn’t really do much in the way of cardio, but “very often weight training was done at a rapid pace with very little rest between sets. And this depended on the type of training I was doing. So we might have considered it aerobic when I did it that way.” One example of Eder’s intensity was when he decided to break Jack Lalanne’s record for the fastest time doing 1,000 parallel bar dips. Jack had done it in 20 minutes… Marvin ground the thousand reps out in just 17 minutes! That sort of training, along with his 50-rep squat and press sets, show how variety and endurance work can be incorporated into a strength based routine. Long after his official retirement, in his 60s and 70s Eder still did very high rep workouts, including 500 consecutive split squat jumps or 500 crunches in addition to other calisthenics, and powerwalking—he believes that light endurance type training is most important for the older trainee.
5. Keep health and personal enjoyment as first priorities
This may seem obvious to some readers, but keeping personal satisfaction and health as the primary concerns is a key aspect of anyone’s training. In his interviews, Eder repeatedly stressed that “health was never divorced from my training… above all, have the goal of good health.” According to him, the stronger he got the healthier he felt. He also emphasized his distaste for chemical enhancements—which were just starting to come into play in sports when he retired. Eder noted that his training was for its own sake, and though he enjoyed competition he was not one to obsess over records or recognition. Even when he was banned from amateur competition due to some professional involvement, he overcame disappointment by saying, “they denied me, but I had the sheer joy of doing it and that sustains me.” I have always firmly believed that doing something just for its own sake is the most powerful motivator and Eder certainly exemplified that. His ‘lifting advice’, was simply: “enjoy the feel of the steel in your hands, but struggle to get it overhead. Make contact with that. Build yourself up in that manner and you enjoy it for the rest of your life.”
Consulted sources/further reading:
Where did we go wrong? I’ve read a lot of articles on these old time strong men and their feats of strength (many on Chaos and Bang) and it seems like no one today can really match them. Many of them trained for hours and hours a day, while eating a shit load of food. Its amazing what the human body is capable of when you don’t put limits on yourself.
Could it be a result of paralysis by analysis? Too often we’ve been told to keep our lifting sessions under 45 minutes, for example. You never hear “work up from there to 1.5-2 hrs.” (Not that many people have the time in the day to train for hours on end). Granted we now know a lot more about the science of nutrition and exercise, but could it be these same things that are holding us back from great potential?
Awesome link!!! And definitely, paralysis by analysis could be holding us back from progressing. There are so many instances of folks thriving on high volume/frequency/intensity. One day I bet we’ll have a genetic test to help determine the training load and optimal acute training variable prescription.
Jamie’s blog is actually the first place I heard of/read about Eder.
It’d be interesting to see what genetic testing of that sort would do to world-level competition in any sport. I think it would take the fun out of amateur level training, though… if anyone could actually afford it!
That would certainly be interesting! One other thing of note that I think is worth mentioning is that during his 2007 interview, he said he would sleep 8-10 hours a night. I have to say that 10 hours of rest can make a world of a difference in recovery and CNS abilities. When I can only get 7 hours, its a night and day difference to 8-9 hours in my lifting. I wish there was more literature on Eder, perhaps I should purchase some old issues of Strength and Health.
This article came just at the time when I was about to change my ways..I had been reading your Glute Goddess post 8/2010 with Kellie..I have been told so many times I do to much volume. My body does not show a lot of muscle but that could be my age and the fact that I am female. My mind on the other hand thrives on the volume. Frequency 6x days a week… Intensity… I have been told many times I am a seriously hard worker in the gym. I dont have the strength I would like on my upper body…but thanks to the hip thrust and glute raises. My arse is kicking arse..So I guess it all comes down to doing what gets you back into the gym day after day …enjoying it and moving forward towards your goals…one (or 50)sets at a time.
Thanks for all the links…Great reading…It was a joy to read and to hear this man who had so much talent be so humble and so appreciative of his life lived and with no regrets..No coulda woulda shoulda for Marvin Edar. Besides the workouts he did we could all do to learn a lesson or two from this gentleman.
Thanks Bret another good guy added to the list.
Why did he retire?
Was he against PEDs like Lance Armstrong or truly against them?
He was banned from amateur competition by the AAU after appearing in a Weider Magazine.
He was/is/has been very outspoken against drug use in every interview I’ve read. Of course that doesn’t guarantee anything, but use of steroids by the olympic teams was just beginning when Eder stopped competing in the early ’50s, so it’s doubtful that he even ever saw the stuff. I’m pretty sure only the Germans had synthesized test when Eder was training as a teen, but I’m a little foggy on PED history.
So, I can’t say for certain but it’s highly unlikely he ever used.
Marvin Eder is a beast. Those numbers blow my mind they are so high. I can’t imagine benching 500 lbs while weighing under 200. I would love to bench 350, my personal best is 305.
When we think of progression (which is of course key to success) we think most frequently in terms of more reps at a given weight or more weight at a given rep range.
Cycling sets from low to high with the same weight (eg; 10×3 to 3×10 to 1×30)would show a staggering progression of physicality across almost the entire spectrum of physical capability.
When using more hours and more days as a form progression though, it seems people are just using weight training to mimic the effects of heavy manual labor like logger, dockworker, ironmonger, ditch digger etc.
Some guys make a living doing brutal, hard/heavy work for 8-16 hours per day but only certain “types” seem capable of that kind of insane anerobic endurance without retiring all beat to hell.
Eder was a beast and I nearly fell over when I realized Bret was featuring such a blast from the blast. Solid article, solid site. Great work Bret.
Great article. I especially like the last section about training for the sake of training. I always hear powerlifters saying that nothing you do in the gym counts for anything, and only competition matters. I entirely disagree.
Hey TCam, nice post. Also, props to Aris DeMarco, as well as BC for running the piece. Great inspirational article!
I’m with you, (and Marvin). We live in a bottom line, results driven world, which is fine, but there are many ways that the spirit can drive you. What do you think the results will be if you just love to move your body against resistance? You will be healthy and strong, and enjoy a great quality of life!
When people ask me about fat loss, I always tell them, “learn to fall in love with gasping”. Think about that. If someone learns to enjoy going into oxygen debt, (and yes it is possible!), I know they are going to start dropping BF. The result will be a byproduct, an afterthought.
Love the process.
I have a friend who allowed himself to go from absolutely jacked to 40-lbs. overweight, and it is because in his all or nothing mind if he can’t go do his customary 2-hour workout, then he perceives it as a waste of time. Not so! And once you stop pushing the stone up the hill, it starts quickly rolling back on top of you.
Sometimes just hitting a few variables (ex. shoulder, or hip mobility work) gets the ball rolling, and leads naturally into a few more variables (might as well bang out a few push ups), and then into a full blown impromptu training session.
I can’t tell you how many times I wake up thinking I need an “off day”, and maybe I’ll just do some calves and abs, next thing you know I’m doing a few lunges, and two hours later, I’m like what just happened here? How did my training log get so full? Why do I feel so exhilarated?! Ha ha…
I can relate to this! I have many friends who will stop training if they can’t do their all-out 2-hr workouts…there’s plenty of middle-ground. I could maintain my size/strength training one out of every five days. And if you have an injury, you have plenty of joints that aren’t injured, so you can always train around things.
Marvin could pull himself up without a bar, he was amazing!
my name is jack Siebel, I am 74 years old. I was fortunate to watched marvin eder train. when I was 12 years old we would do dips and chins at a local park (pitt street park) sure enough there was marvin dipping and chinning. when I was 17 years old, while in my senior year at SEWARD PARK HIGH SCHOOL I joined the EAST SIDE BARBELL CLUB on the lower east side of nyc, and there was marvin eder training there. I have been training with weights for the past 57 years and marvin was always an inspiration
Jack, this is awesome. I have known about Marvin for a while after reading some of his feats in Superathletes, and he always stood out the most to me. I would love to meet him one day. No wonder you kept training all these years with such a role model.
Appearing in a Weider magazine was not the reason Marvin WAS BANNED. BOB HOFFMAN, A NOTED ANTI-SEMITE WAS COACH OF THE American WEIGHTLIFTING TEAM WHICH WAS BASICALLY A YORK BARBELL CO. ENTERPRISE, AND THERE WAS NO WAY HE WOULD ALLOW A Jew WHO WAS ASSOCIATED WITH ANOTHER Jew (JOE WEIDER) TO UPSTAGE HIS “BOYS”. At the time , Hoffman had a lot of clout with the A.A.U.