Category Archives: Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

February Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

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Strength & conditioning, power and hypertrophy

  1. Is resistance training to muscular failure necessary for increasing strength?
  2. Does training to failure take longer to recover from?
  3. Do high and low load training to failure lead to similar increases in strength?
  4. Which type of strength training periodization is best for recreational trainees?
  5. Does volume load increase more in low or high load strength training?
  6. Does blood flow restriction enhance strength gains with eccentric strength training?
  7. Can machine-based strength training lead to free-weights strength gains?
  8. Can internal cues selectively increase muscle activation in different muscles?
  9. Can low load, slow movement squat training increase muscle size and strength?
  10. What type of morning exercise is best to enhance afternoon performance?
  11. How do elite powerlifters taper?
  12. Does balance training add anything to strength training for improving balance?
  13. Does strength training improve running economy in highly trained runners?

1

Biomechanics & motor control                         

  1. Are the hamstrings the main source of horizontal force during sprinting?
  2. How can you optimize an athlete’s force-velocity profile?
  3. Which hip thrust variation is best for training the upper and lower gluteus maximus?
  4. How does hip abduction angle affect gluteus maximus activation during glute bridges?
  5. How do strength, size, and fiber type affect the size of the PAP effect?
  6. How does strength affect the size of the PAP effect after ballistic and non-ballistic exercise?
  7. How are the loss of peak torque and rate of torque development related to fatigue?
  8. What is the relationship between EMG amplitude and repetition number during sets to failure?
  9. How does repetition duration affect muscular activation and blood lactate response?
  10. What is the role of the ankle plantar flexors in vertical jumping?
  11. What factors influence the size of the PAP effect for vertical jump height?
  12. Can the Nordic hamstring curl improve knee flexion strength and hamstring activation?

2

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. How do mechanical tension and metabolic stress contribute to hypertrophy?
  2. How does intramuscular anabolic signaling produce muscle hypertrophy?
  3. Does concurrent training produce different signaling responses to strength training?
  4. Does the creatine loading phase lead to increased blood pressure?
  5. Can leucine supplementation protect against muscle loss during bed rest?
  6. Does low-energy sweetener consumption affect energy intake and bodyweight?
  7. How does exercise intensity affect appetite-regulating hormones?
  8. Does resistance training lead to increased spontaneous physical activity?
  9. What is the anatomy of the proximal hamstrings?
  10. Do caffeinated energy drinks increase strength through neural mechanisms?
  11. Is coffee beneficial for skeletal muscle?
  12. Does ammonia inhalation increase maximum strength?

3

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. How do high-intensity-moderate-duration and low-intensity-long-duration stretches differ?
  2. Are increases in ROM associated with increases in stretch tolerance after stretching?
  3. How do different methods of stretching affect muscle architecture and strength?
  4. Are hamstring injuries increasing in professional soccer?
  5. Do hip flexion and knee extension hamstring stretches have different effects?
  6. Is short biceps femoris muscle fascicle length a risk factor for hamstring injury?
  7. Does hip flexor restriction reduce gluteus maximus muscle activation?
  8. Can exercise benefit the intervertebral disc?
  9. Which is best for spinal stability: expiration or abdominal bracing?
  10. Is loading rate higher in runners who suffer stress fractures compared to those who don’t?
  11. Do higher training loads always lead to increased risk of injury in athletes?
  12. Can massage aid performance recovery?
  13. Can long-term leg press training reduce patellofemoral pain?

4

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January Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

Hi fitness folks! Do you know the answer to the January S&C research review questions? If not, you ought to subscribe to our research review service. To subscribe, just click on the button below and follow the instructions…

 

Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Is Olympic weightlifting the best way to improve vertical jump height?
  2. Is the PAP effect on vertical jump height caused by central factors?
  3. Are short rest periods best for increasing muscle size?
  4. Does reducing fatigue by using intra-set rest periods affect strength gains?
  5. How do different repetition ranges affect changes in muscle fiber type?
  6. Is there more than one type of block periodization?
  7. How do aerobic training, resistance training, and concurrent training help obese adolescents?
  8. How many people fail to respond to sprint interval training?
  9. Can hill sprints help semi-professional soccer players improve both fitness and strength?
  10. Does self-reported mental toughness predict scores on objective tests of perseverance?
  11. Is trunk muscle strength associated with athletic performance?

hill sprints

Biomechanics & motor control

  1. Which biomechanical factors increase when jump height improves?
  2. Is the jump squat a better predictor of jump height than the push press?
  3. Can external cues help improve jump height in elite high jumpers?
  4. Can combining augmented feedback and external focus of attention enhance jump height?
  5. What biomechanical factors drive performance for 100m sprint finalists?
  6. How do the mid-acceleration and the maximum velocity phases of sprinting differ?
  7. Does hypertrophy increase muscle moment arms?
  8. Does “the increasing role of the hips” apply to stair climbing speeds?
  9. Is the kettlebell swing a good exercise for the gluteus maximus?
  10. Does one workout with an enhanced-eccentric exercise provide a protective effect over a similar workout, four weeks later?
  11. Does nine days of daily drop jump exercise increase tendon size?

swing

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. Can muscle growth happen within 4 weeks of barbell training?
  2. Is hypertrophy actually greatest in the earliest phase of resistance training?
  3. Is the thermic effect of food bigger in the morning than in the evening?
  4. Does resting metabolic rate reduce after shorter sleep duration?
  5. Does daily overfeeding from protein supplementation improve body composition?
  6. Does protein supplementation increase lean body mass in female collegiate athletes?
  7. Do higher doses of protein produce bigger anabolic responses than moderate doses?
  8. Can vitamin D supplementation help reduce the effects of damaging exercise?
  9. Is greater eating frequency associated with an increased risk of obesity?
  10. Is greater eating frequency associated with an increased risk of central adiposity?
  11. Are appetite hormones different in obese individuals?
  12. Do high load and high volume workouts have different effects on plasma volume?
  13. Is there an association between changes in testosterone and body fat after resistance training?
  14. Does aerobic exercise help reduce the stress response to psychological stressors?
  15. Can adaptogenic supplements help elite athletes adapt to stress?
  16. Is a lack of vigorous physical activity an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality?

arny

Physical therapy & rehabilitation                        

  1. How do static, dynamic and PNF stretching affect performance?
  2. How do static and dynamic stretching produce changes in ROM?
  3. Can using a strap help increase improvements in ankle-dorsiflexion ROM?
  4. Do temperature and time affect reductions in DOMS produced by cold water immersion?
  5. Can massage change passive plantar flexor stiffness?
  6. Is intrinsic foot muscle volume smaller in runners with plantar fasciitis?
  7. How should hamstring muscle injuries be rehabilitated?
  8. Does the force–velocity profile during sprinting alter before or after hamstring injury?
  9. Can the Copenhagen adduction exercise improve eccentric hip adduction strength?
  10. How should neuromuscular electrical stimulation be used to strengthen the quadriceps?
  11. How does superimposed EMS affect long-term physiological adaptations to resistance training?
  12. How does superimposed EMS affect strength and performance gains after strength training?

Copenhagen Adduction

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December Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

Every month, Chris and I write the monthly S&C Research review service. Subscribe, and you will learn about the 50 most important sports science studies published every month. If you haven’t signed up yet, I think you should. It is such a great amount of information for only $10/month, and the feedback we’ve received so far is phenomenal.

strength and conditioning research

You can subscribe HERE or just try it by buying a back issue HERE.


Strength & conditioning, power and hypertrophy

  1. Is sprint running the best way to train to improve sprint ability?
  2. What sled loads are best for resisted sled sprint training?
  3. Can an in-season training program improve sprint ability in soccer players?
  4. How does concurrent training frequency affect a range of physical qualities?
  5. Does rest interval length affect the number of repetitions performed in supersets?
  6. How is aerobic capacity related to CrossFit workout performance?
  7. Does creatine enhance gains from plyometric training in female soccer players?
  8. Does altering training frequency by menstrual phases affect gains in untrained females?
  9. Does altering training frequency by menstrual phases affect gains in trained females?
  10. How does strength change across the menstrual cycle?
  11. Does training to failure lead to greater gains in strength than training not to failure?
  12. Are forced repetitions effective for muscular hypertrophy?

reps

Biomechanics & motor control

  1. How should the term “power” be used in exercise science research?
  2. Is the force–velocity relationship linear in the bench press?
  3. Can we measure the PAP effect at multiple points in time post-conditioning contraction?
  4. What factors affect the PAP effect on jumping, sprinting, and throwing performances?
  5. How does a gluteal activation protocol affect sprint running performance?
  6. Which hip abduction and external rotation exercises produce the highest gluteal EMG activity?
  7. How does knowledge of load affect RFD and power output?
  8. How do joint angle movements differ between jump and drop landings?
  9. How does EMG activity of shoulder, trunk, and arm muscles differ between push-up variants?
  10. How do peripheral and central fatigue contribute to repeated cycling sprints?

bb

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. Is whey protein effective for increasing lean body mass in resistance-trained individuals?
  2. Are there benefits of a higher protein diet (3.4g per kg of bodyweight)?
  3. Does higher protein intake conserve lean body mass in older adults during weight loss?
  4. Does protein supplementation affect intramuscular anabolic signaling?
  5. Are low-fat or low-carb diets best for overweight and obese adults?
  6. Do ketogenic diets lead to losses in lean body mass?
  7. Do macros affect metabolic adaptions during weight loss?
  8. Can catching up on sleep help reduce the adverse effects of sleep restriction?
  9. Does sleep restriction lead to increased energy intake?
  10. Can melatonin supplementation improve body composition?
  11. Do changes in myonuclear domain size occur during resistance training?
  12. Is HIIT better than steady state exercise for fat loss?
  13. Is HIIT better than steady state exercise for brain health?
  14. Is HIIT better than steady state exercise for appetite regulation?
  15. Do food- and exercise-induced energy deficits produce the same compensatory energy intake?

legs

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Does cold water immersion help adolescent athletes recover?
  2. Does cold water immersion speed HRV recovery post-exercise?
  3. Does foam rolling work by altering stretch tolerance?
  4. Can foam rolling added to a stretching program improve gains in flexibility?
  5. Does bodyweight affect eccentric knee flexor strength in the Nordic hamstring curl?
  6. Should tendon rehabilitation involve interventions to improve motor control?
  7. Is there evidence for central sensitization in tendinopathy?
  8. Can visual feedback during drop landing training reduce knee valgus?
  9. Does contracting the pelvic floor muscles affect active lung capacity?
  10. Can pelvic floor muscle training improve active lung capacity?
  11. Can strength exercises added to a stretching program help treat plantar fasciitis?
  12. Does stretching one joint improve flexibility at other joints?
  13. Does greater foot pronation lead to more anterior pelvic tilt?

fr


This is a recommended resource, so don’t miss out! Subscribe, and you will learn about the 50 most important sports science studies published every month, covering topics such as strengthhypertrophy, and power, sprintingbiomechanicsEMG in exercises like the squat and deadlift, and key aspects of sports medicine.

strength and conditioning research

November Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

Every month, Chris and I write the monthly S&C Research review service. Subscribe, and you will learn about the 50 most important sports science studies published every month. If you haven’t signed up yet, I think you should. It is such a great amount of information for only $10/month, and the feedback we’ve received so far is phenomenal.

strength and conditioning research

You can subscribe HERE or just try it by buying a back issue HERE.


Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Which improves sprinting performance more – vertical or horizontal jumps?
  2. Which improves sprinting performance more – plyometrics or resistance training?
  3. Can a short-distance, heavy sled tow improve sprint running performance after 12 minutes?
  4. Can repeated maximal power training improve repeated sprint ability?
  5. What is jumping interval training and can it improve rate of force development?
  6. Can functional HIIT simultaneously increase strength and fitness?
  7. Which improves sprinting performance more – horizontal or vertical power training?
  8. Does adding elastic bands to free weights improve strength gains?
  9. Can pneumatic bench press training improve free weight bench press 1RM?
  10. Is the leg press as good as the back squat for increasing jumping ability?
  11. Which improves squat 1RM most – block or weekly undulating periodization?
  12. Do drop sets produce better results than one set to failure?
  13. How does kettlebell HIIT compare with sprint interval cycling?
  14. What is the best warm up for different sports?

SLJ

Biomechanics & motor control

  1. Is the force-velocity relationship linear during loaded jumping?
  2. Does the force-velocity relationship differ across groups of elite athletes?
  3. How should jump squats and push jerks be programmed to improve jumping ability?
  4. How do compression shorts affect vertical jump ability?
  5. How do coaching instructions affect drop jump biomechanics?
  6. Do the medial and lateral hamstrings display different muscle activity during sprinting?
  7. How long do increases in hamstring muscle fascicle length caused by eccentric training last?
  8. How fast are the first and second pull phases of the snatch in Olympic weightlifters?
  9. Does a pronated grip lead to more back muscle activity during an inverted row?
  10. Does the thickness of the push up bar affect shoulder muscle activity?
  11. Does using a TRX or wobble board for push ups affect shoulder muscle activity?
  12. Does hanging kettlebells on the barbell in the bench press increase muscle activity?
  13. How does lumbar extension angle affect hamstrings muscle activity?
  14. Are muscle strength and size related to eccentric leg stiffness during jump landings?

kbbp

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. Which is best for weight loss – diet, exercise, or diet plus exercise?
  2. Does caloric restriction make muscles more efficient?
  3. Does insulin affect muscle protein synthesis or breakdown?
  4. Impaired insulin action in the human brain: causes and metabolic consequences
  5. Does taking steroids increase your risk of a ruptured tendon?
  6. Did endurance running really cause unique gluteus maximus development in humans?
  7. Does peripheral fatigue cause reductions in voluntary activation?
  8. How can we measure parasympathetic activity levels in athletes?
  9. Can your parasympathetic activity levels predict how much you gain from doing HIIT?
  10. Can cold water immersion cause faster parasympathetic reactivation after Rugby matches?

icetub

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Can the FMS predict injury in active populations?
  2. Can the FMS tests identify the presence of absence of dynamic stability?
  3. Can foam rolling the hip flexors improve hip and knee flexibility?
  4. Can foam rolling reduce pain in the tender spots in calf muscles?
  5. Do people with cam femoroacetabular impingement squat differently?
  6. Which type of lunge is best for the hip muscles and which is best for the knee muscles?
  7. What is the best way to improve the single-leg squat movement pattern?
  8. Is poor ankle dorsiflexion related to hip adduction and internal rotation in a step down test?
  9. How do physiotherapists rehabilitate patellar tendinopathy in practice?
  10. Which is better for improving scapulohumeral rhythm – the full-can or empty-can exercise?
  11. What speed maximizes the VMO to VL ratio during the wall squat?
  12. What hip rotation position maximizes gluteus medius muscle activity in the pelvic drop exercise?

FMS2


This is a recommended resource, so don’t miss out! Subscribe, and you will learn about the 50 most important sports science studies published every month, covering topics such as strengthhypertrophy, and power, sprintingbiomechanicsEMG in exercises like the squat and deadlift, and key aspects of sports medicine.

strength and conditioning research