How important is psychological stress for your gains?

How Important is Psychological Stress for Your Gains?
By Fredrik Tonstad Vårvik

We know a lot about the physiological part of training, nutrition and recovery. You may think that if you optimize these factors you will have optimal progression and gains. People don’t often think as much about sleep, circadian rhythm, life outside the gym, and especially about stress. A growing body of literature implicates that psychological stress is a factor that modulates physiological recovery. If you have a lot of psychological stress, you need to cope with it. Moreover, If you have a lot of physiological stress (training), you need to recover from that too (1). There are a number of other reasons to expect that high life stresses lessen the training effect of exercise including increased basal cortisol, changes in nutrition, illness and related absence from training (2).

Consider these scenarios:

Peter is training 4 times per week; his nutrition is good, he sleeps well and has a regular daytime job from 8-4. His financial situation is stable, and he lives with his girlfriend in an apartment. Besides his work and training, he normally relaxes at home with his girlfriend. Sometimes he goes out with his friends on the weekends. The job is medium pressure that he handles quite well.

Robert is training 5 times per week, his nutrition is pretty good and he works in a shift job that is very hectic, with deadlines. He has sleep problems and the pay is not good, hence working mostly nights and overtime. He lives in his own apartment and rarely has the energy to hang out with friends. He forces himself to train, and is exhausted.

Even if Robert’s training program looks slightly better than Peters on paper, Peter will have the best workouts, progression and energy in the end. (Let’s say they have the same genetic potential).

I would therefore argue that the psychological part is underestimated. Look at the well-known general adaptation syndrome model (GAS by Selye) (3).

Stage 1 is stimuli/shock phase, stage 2 is adaptation to the resistance stage 1, while stage 3 is exhaustion. If there is too much stimulus/stress than you can’t recover from, you will be in stage 3.

If you have chronic disease, sleep disturbances, or just got divorced, you will probably not have the best results and recovery from your workouts. Why is that? There is reason to believe that psychological stress influences cytokines, neutrophils, macrophages, growth factors and stem cells (1), just like resistance training does (4). Therefore, a person needs to recover from both stimuli.


The point is that if you have a lot to do and feel stressed outside the gym (high stage 1), take it easy in the gym, since you need to cope and recover from it. If not, you might end up in stage 3 in Seyle’s model. You need to recover from both physiological and psychological stresses. This is one of the reasons why top athletes sleep a lot and don’t work: their training, nutrition and sleeping is their work. If you are a normal person that needs income from regular work, you must cater to that and set priorities.

There is not much research on this in relation to resistance training; however, lets delve into a study from 2008 and a short-term research paper from 2014.

Bartholomew et al 2008 (2) designed a study to examine the effect of self-reported stressful life events on strength gains after 12 weeks of resistance training.

Method and procedure

Participants totaled 135 undergraduate students that enrolled in weight training classes two times per week. They had various degrees of training experience, from beginner to advanced. All completed the Adolescent Perceived Events Scale questionnaire (APES), social support score and one-repetition maximal lifts (1RM) for the bench press and squat. Each participant did a 12-week training program that involved all major muscle groups twice per week. The periodization consisted of three mesocycles, hypertrophy, strength and power. Both training days were supervised and they were encouraged to complete a third session without the supervisor.

There were no differences between the high and low stress groups in terms of baseline physiological measures (1-RM and muscle mass). (Changes in muscle mass measured as circumference around upper arm and thigh along with caliper skinfold measure).


In both groups there was a significant change in both 1-RM squat, bench-press and arm size, with greater improvement in bench press and squat in the low-stress group. No significant difference between groups in arm size. And there were no significant effects for social support. Table from the study:


The authors suggest that experience of stress may impair one’s ability to fully adapt to training. It’s not certain how stress impairs the adaptation process.

Stress may undermine one’s training through diminished exercise behavior or perceptions regarding one’s training load and progression, or it may impair the recovery process, either by affecting behaviors that may promote recovery (nutrition sleep, etc) or underlying biological factors responsible for anabolism/catabolism or immune functioning and illness.

Stults-Kolehmainen et al 2014 aimed to determine whether chronic mental stress modulates recovery of muscular function and somatic sensations in a 4-day period after a bout of strenuous resistance training (1).

Method and procedure

Over 1200 people were screened for chronic stress. Those that scored very low, or very high, were selected to participate in the study. The participants aged 20.26 1.34 years, including 9 women and 22 men, totaling 31. They were all undergraduate students who regularly performed resistance training. Two different questionnaires were required, perceived stress scale (how stressed you feel) and undergraduate stress questionnaire (stressful life events the last month). They compared the results with a large national sample.

Firstly, the researchers performed different strength tests: maximal isometric force, vertical squat jump and cycling power. Energy, fatigue and soreness were also measured with questionnaires. They retested after the training protocol (explained below), at 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours post-workout.

The training protocol was: 10 repetition maximal (RM) the first set, then sets of 90% until a total of 3-6 sets were done. If 90% was too heavy, the load was reduced to 80%.


For maximal isometric force, higher levels of stress resulted in lower recovery curves, and lower levels of stress were associated with superior recovery. The low-stress group returned to baseline 48 hours post-exercise, while the high-stress group took about 96 hours to recover.

The high-stress group compared to the low stress group also negatively influenced soreness, energy and fatigue. The high-stress group had more soreness, less energy and more fatigue. The associations were still present after the researchers adjusted for fitness, workload and training experience.

The stress/recovery relationship appeared to be less consistent for the vertical jump squat as well as the maximal cycling power, from which both groups recovered quickly.

On the other hand, exercise can also help if you feel very stressed. High-stress is just not optimal for high volume and gains. Bretland et al 2015 (5) conducted a study in 49 participants that were not exercise regularly. They divided them into three groups, one as a placebo group, another did cardio and the last performing resistance training.

Participants were measured with different subjective stress and exercise scales at baseline and after four weeks. The exercise groups did at least 30min of exercise 3 times per week.

After four weeks of exercise, participants had greater positive well-being and personal accomplishment, less psychological distress, perceived stress and emotional exhaustion.

In summary:

Both low-stress groups in the studies reported feeling better and recovered faster after the exercises. If you have many stressful events in your daily life and feel stressed, don’t increase your training volume and intensity, rather, reduce it. Furthermore, if you can cope with it and feel good, you can make progression and increase. If you are stressed and feel that some exercise can help, go for it.

Take home message: do not underestimate lifestyle, sleep and stress!


  1. Stults-Kolehmainen MA, Bartholomew JB, Sinha R. Chronic psychological stress impairs recovery of muscular function and somatic sensations over a 96-hour period. J Strength Cond Res Natl Strength Cond Assoc. 2014 Jul;28(7):2007–17. LINK
  2. Bartholomew JB, Stults-Kolehmainen MA, Elrod CC, Todd JS. Strength gains after resistance training: the effect of stressful, negative life events. J Strength Cond Res Natl Strength Cond Assoc. 2008 Jul;22(4):1215–21. LINK
  3. Selye H. Stress and the General Adaptation Syndrome. Br Med J. 1950 Jun 17;1(4667):1383–92. LINK
  4. Schoenfeld BJ. The mechanisms of muscle hypertrophy and their application to resistance training. J Strength Cond Res Natl Strength Cond Assoc. 2010 Oct;24(10):2857–72. LINK
  5. Bretland RJ, Thorsteinsson EB. Reducing workplace burnout: the relative benefits of cardiovascular and resistance exercise. PeerJ. 2015;3:e891. LINK

About the Author

Fredrik Tonstad Vårvik is a personal trainer & nutritionist. He writes articles and work with online coaching at fredfitology. Follow him and his colleagues at facebook & twitter. Check out FredFitology for more info.



Post Powerlifting Meet Reflections

Post Powerlifting Meet Reflections
By Sohee Lee

Last month, I wrote a post discussing the first two and a half of months of my powerlifting prep (see HERE). I’ve since followed through and competed in the 100% Raw American Challenge in Tucson, AZ, and thought it would be appropriate to put together a follow-up post detailing the remainder of how my prep went.

Training Specifics

As a refresher, here were my starting numbers in the squat, bench, and deadlift back in January:

Squat: 125 lbs
Bench: 85 lbs
Deadlift: 155 lbs

This was at a bodyweight of 108 lbs.

I ended up spending a total of 18 weeks preparing for this meet, and here’s how my numbers improved over time:


As you may recall from my first post, I started experiencing some severe hip pain during squats towards the end of week six after utilizing a daily undulating periodization (DUP) protocol that had me squatting three days a week. I took two full weeks off of squatting, and Bret modified my training program in such a way that allowed me to continue to improve my squat numbers while not experiencing any pain. Squatting once every four to five days with just one hard set as opposed to multiple times per week proved to be the winning strategy for me.


Bench press, in my opinion, is my strongest lift. In four months of prep, I was able to add over 20lbs to my 1RM, going from 85lbs in late January to my personal best of 107lbs the week before my meet.

In the graph above, you’ll notice that I actually benched less than my PR. This is simply because the next highest increment I could have benched at the meet after 104.7lbs was 110lbs, and there’s no way I would have been able to get that. So we stuck with 104.7lbs and I was happy with that.


Finally, the deadlift. This is the one movement I was particularly nervous about because I’ve struggled with this for as long as I can remember.

My starting 1RM using strict form was 155lbs – strong for a girl, but nothing particularly noteworthy, especially for someone who’s been lifting for seven years. The heaviest weight I’d been able to pull before this was 195lbs, which I’d achieved back in early 2013 when I was 20lbs heavier. I was therefore skeptical that I’d be able to pull more than 200lbs in the 105lb weight class.

But it’s pretty incredible what some proper programming, the right coaching, and a little boost of confidence can do. After two and a half months of strict arch-back deadlifting, Bret gave me the green light to start pulling with a slightly rounded back. I should mention that I flew out to Phoenix for a week right around this time, where I had the opportunity to train in person with Bret multiple times. We also did a mock meet at Revolution Training out in Tempe, which gave us a chance to practice commands and give us a better idea of what my meet numbers might look like (see related: First Powerlifting Meet – 20 Mistakes You Don’t Want to Make).

By my last in-person session with him, I was pulling 205lbs. I then proceeded to add 20lbs to my deadlift over the next five weeks, and seemingly out of nowhere, the weight started flying up like it was nothing.

Here are the details of the training program I followed for the last six weeks leading up to the meet:

Training Day 1

A. Back squat 1×3, 1×2, 1×1
B. Barbell reverse lunge (low bar position) 2x10ea
C. Band hip thrust 2×15
D. Band seated hip abduction 3×15/15/15

Training Day 2

A. Conventional deadlift 1×3, 1×2, 1×1
B. Barbell hip thrust 3×5
C. Neutral grip pullup 3xAMRAP
D. Dumbbell chest-supported row 3×10

Training Day 3

A. Bench press 1×3, 1×2, 1×1
B. Military press 2×10
C. Dumbbell tricep extension 2×10
D. Dumbbell fly 2×10

Bret also had me doing 10-minutes of band glute work four to five nights a week, and in addition to the above, I was adding in 10-15 minutes’ worth of kettlebell work four days per week right up until early May as I prepared for the Strong First Girya (SFG) Level I Certification.

Once I was done with SFG (which I passed, by the way – wahoo!), I put my nose to the ground and cut out all extra conditioning work. The only kind of cardio I did was walking my two dogs around my neighborhood.

My training volume was far lower than anything I’d done before – lower than PHAT, lower than any bodypart split, lower than any program I’d received from another coach. I’ll admit that my eyes may have bulged out of my head a little upon seeing how little work I’d be doing, but I’d made a promise to Bret to not deviate from the plan, and I put my full trust in him. The goal, after all, was to get stronger, not to improve my conditioning or bring up lagging bodyparts or run myself into the ground. It was important to keep the goal the goal, so I quieted my ego and stayed the course.

Nutrition & Physique Specifics

I never did anything drastic with my nutrition. Since our goal was to have me compete in the 105 lb weight class, I simply aimed to eat to maintain my everyday bodyweight in the 107-109 lb range.

I shot for around 130 grams of protein, though I oftentimes went over that simply because I love meat. I ate more carbohydrates on the days I was training, and upped my fats on my days off from the gym.

Again, no food restrictions whatsoever. I had half & half in my coffee regularly and would enjoy the occasional slice of pizza. On any given day, I’d estimate that I was eating anywhere between 1,600-2,000 calories a day. I chose not to count macros during this time, and instead loosely eyeballed my portions.


This is what I looked like the week of the meet. I maintained my bodyweight and measurements throughout the course of my prep and kept a 24.2-inch waist. While aesthetics was not the goal, as you can see, my physique did not suffer, and I did not become manly and bulky from four months of powerlifting. This was primarily because I was smart about my nutrition and total calorie intake such that I did not pile on extra bodyfat during my training. Had I eaten with abandon, you can bet that I would have looked noticeably thicker within a matter of weeks, but this would have occurred with any type of training.

How I Made Weight

Making weight was the one aspect of this prep that I was nervous about. I had never had to cut water weight before, and I had no idea how my body would respond to the tactics that Bret had planned out for me. But I was excited and ready for a new kind of challenge.

Two weeks out from weigh-ins, I started tracking my macronutrient intake again. (You can see everything that I ate by following my MyMacros+ account, SoheeFit.) Even though I was feeling pressure to drop weight, I was careful not to cut my calories too drastically. After all, I still had to maintain my strength.


Here’s a snippet of what I was eating leading up to the meet. Meal 1 shows the contents of a homemade breakfast burrito.

I started weighing myself daily at this point. While I don’t recommend relying solely on scale weight for general fat loss purposes, this was an exception, as I simply had to keep my bodyweight down to compete.

In about a seven-day span, I was able to bring my bodyweight down from the high 108’s to the high-107, low-108 range. For being as petite as I already was (at a daunting 5’2”), I was happy with this, as this meant that I’d only have a few pounds of water weight to drop on the day of weigh-ins.

Here’s how the last couple of days leading up to weigh-ins panned out:

On Wednesday, I woke up at 108.0 lbs. We kept my sodium levels high and water intake was normal as well (approximately three liters). I started dropping carbs slightly at this point. That evening, we did a light workout consisting of heavy banded hip thrusts, pushups off of handles, inverted rows, and straight leg situps – nothing too taxing.

Thursday was when we started to crank things up with my nutrition. Again, my bodyweight was at 108.0 lbs, which was fine. Throughout the day, I was allowed to have coffee, but otherwise stuck to the protein shakes that Bret whipped up for me. We got in another light full-body workout consisting of prowler pushes, banded goblet squats, pushups, inverted rows, and dumbbell military presses in the afternoon just to get the blood flowing and work up a light sweat.

In the evening, I was permitted to nibble on one (offensively tiny) chicken salad. In sum, I had three protein shakes (each made with skim milk, whey protein, and a small spoonful of peanut butter) and probably around three ounces of chicken throughout the course of the entire day. Sodium was little to none. I was hungry, yes, but I was focused.

Friday morning: game time. I woke up that morning and weighed in at 107.4 lbs – hooray! I ordered myself a short Americano from Starbucks (it’s one size smaller than a “tall” and is not on the menu). At around noon, Bret made me a protein shake to sip on. I’d estimate that at this point, I had ingested approximately two pounds’ worth of fluids, which meant I still had around 5lbs of weight to get rid of.

We started the water-dropping process at 2p.m. After sitting in a Jacuzzi for about 20 minutes followed by 20 minutes in the steam room, we started the 110-minute drive to Tucson. My weight was, again, 107.4 lbs right before we left.

Here’s the kicker: we put the heat up on full blast the entire way there. And we were also in long sweatpants and a hoodie and socks. This was the strategy that Bret had used to drop weight for one of his prior powerlifting meets, so he was doing the same with us.

I swear, it was hotter than a sauna in there. Our phones all turned off from the extreme heat, and even Bret’s stereo system in his truck quit on us two or three different times. I think it’s safe to say that that was probably one of the most physically uncomfortable experiences of my entire life. I could have

By the time we arrived at Evolution Fitness in Tucson, we were understandably incredibly sweaty, cranky, and parched. We proceeded to check-in and then made our way over to the corner of the gym for weigh-ins.

I had my doubts. I wasn’t sure that a mere handful of hours sitting in heat was enough to do the trick.

I asked if I was allowed to come in at, say, 105.2 lbs and still qualify for the weight class. (In other words, I was trying to gauge how much wiggle room I had.) The answer? Nope, not at all.

No pressure, right?

I walked into the bathroom where I was to be weighed and closed the door. I just wanted to get it over with. Despite wearing nothing but a sports bra and booty shorts, I wasn’t going to risk the extra 0.3lbs that the clothes would add to the scale (yes, I had weighed my clothes before), so I proceeded to strip naked and finally met my fate.

104.9 lbs.

What a freakin’ relief. I let out a loud yelp of surprise. You couldn’t find a happier girl in the room at that moment. ☺

making weight

Here I am in the two minutes following weigh-ins. Not the best picture of me but I’m looking very dehydrated and extremely elated about the Powerade in my hand.

The remainder of the evening was a blur.

Within the span of two hours, I chugged one Powerade, one slushie, and three giant iced teas. My guess is that all added up to between 4-5 lbs of fluids.

We also split a giant butter toffee cookie before chowing down at the Macaroni Grill. I unfortunately ended up getting sick over the sheer volume of fluids I had sucked down in such a short period of time, but I bounced back quickly at the mention of donuts – ha!

2015-05-29 22.26.01

We continued to eat and eat into the night. Now that we’d made weight, the pressure was off, and our next aim was to consume as much food as possible to prepare for the next day.

Day of the Meet

The meet itself went from 10 a.m. to approximately 6 p.m. and was an absolute blast.

I was well-rested, well-hydrated, and most definitely well-fed.

In other words, I was ready.

With Bret’s coaching, I was able to warm-up sufficiently before each of the big lifts, and fortunately never missed a judge’s command after having practiced before at the mock meet. No words can sufficiently do justice to the day’s experience, so I’ll cut right to the chase.

I ended up going 9/9 for all of my attempts, and I hit all my target numbers for a 496 lb total.

Squat attempts: 62.5 kg, 70 kg, 75 kg
Bench attempts: 42.5 kg, 45 kg, 47.5 kg
Deadlift: 85 kg, 97.5 kg, 102.5 kg

As you can see in the video, I very likely could have gone heavier in the deadlift, but 226 lbs was still a lifetime PR for me. For that, I’m incredibly proud, and now I know I can shoot for higher in my next meet.

I was highly impressed with how supportive the fellow competitors and attendees were, and I had so much fun testing my body’s limits.

Closing Thoughts

I don’t think I could possibly be happier with how my powerlifting meet went. I worked closely with Bret over the past four months to prepare for this day, and nothing major went wrong. Yes, we did have to modify my training midway due to my hip pain from squatting, but we were able to work around that just fine. I followed his programming to a T and I set multiple lifetime PRs as a result.

2015-05-30 12.35.47

My plans for the next few months will be prepare for the bikini stage again for later in the fall. But after that, I’ll be back to training for my next powerlifting meet, likely for the spring of 2015. Bret and I agree that I should toggle back and forth between bikini and powerlifting, slowly striving to improve in both areas over time.

Throughout this process, I fell in love with training even more so than before.

If any of you reading this are feeling lost with what you want to do in the gym or if you’ve ever been curious about powerlifting, let me say this: Give it a shot at least once.

I can’t tell you how refreshing of a change it was for me to watch my training numbers go up from week to week and stop caring so much about what I saw in the mirror. I loved feeling strong, and it was incredibly empowering to realize what my body was really capable of.

Strength gains await.


Sohee Lee is a health coach and fitness writer specializing in helping women develop healthy relationships with food and their bodies while getting them to their fitness goals.
Having fought through both anorexia and bulimia, Sohee knows firsthand the toll that it can take on your life. Her mission is to empower women to practice compassion and grace with themselves in the gym, in the kitchen, and in life. #eatliftthrive

Connect with her on Facebook and Twitter and follow her fitness journey on Instagram.

Tammy’s Terrific Transformation

Over the past couple of years, I’ve posted several guest blogs from Get Glutes members Tammy(Mariah, Kristen, Emily, Shelley), but today’s is extra special to me as it’s from Tammy, who I feel is the O.G.G. (original get glutester). Tammy was the first member on Get Glutes who really started killing it, and everyone fell in love with her positivity and enthusiasm. She was working hard on improving her form, setting PRs week in and week out, sharing experiences and giving advice to fellow members, and being encouraging and supportive to everyone. Her attitude was contagious, and she inspired others to do better. Here are 6 questions I asked Tammy:

1. Thank you for agreeing to do this interview Tammy! You are a Get Glutes rockstar, so it’s about time I featured you on the blog. I want to discuss the transformations you’ve gone through during your time with Get Glutes. First let’s discuss the transformation you’ve undergone with regards to your attitude toward cardio and strength training. How has this changed over the past couple of years?

Hey Bret!  I appreciate you letting me share my journey.  Five years ago I was doing an hour of weight training and an hour of cardio 5 to 6 days a week and let me tell you I was working hard.  I stayed thin but I couldn’t build muscle.  I was tired and my muscles and joints ached nonstop.  I tried body building programs from fitness magazines and I tried some of the Beachbody video programs (P90X, Insanity which caused a chronic lower back injury, and Body Beast which I gained a lot of upper body strength but I loss strength in my legs during the program).  I always had enjoyed doing weights more than cardio but I thought I needed the cardio to stay lean and I stayed on this course for a couple of years before starting Get Glutes in 2013.

When I first came across your name I was totally intrigued with how you trained women.  I watched video after video of these lean ladies lifting a ton of weight and it gave me goose bumps!   I watched them do over 300 pounds on the hip thrust and I had no idea how they were doing it.  I could barely get 20 body weight hip thrusts before my glutes were on fire and so I couldn’t imagine adding weight. I didn’t think I would ever be able to lift like they were but I wanted to give it a try.   Shortly after that,  you started Get Glutes and I joined immediately.  I was nervous about going into the “big boy” side of the gym but I couldn’t wait to get started.  It was exciting and scary but I’m so glad I gave it a chance.

After starting the program I felt like I got a 50% off workout coupon…I was working out for about an hour 3 to 4 days a week (strength training only) as opposed to 2 hours 5 to 6 days each week.  I started seeing results by the end of the first month, my lower back issues cleared up for the first time in over 2 years, and my joints no longer hurt!!!  Within the first six weeks I went from doing body weight hip thrusts to doing 225 pounds for reps.  My strength gains totally blew my mind and needless to say I’ve been hooked ever since.

2.  Tell me some of the nuances associated with being a strong woman that you’ve experienced in your gym. 

We’ll just two years ago the hip thrust hadn’t hit east Tennessee yet so when I started doing it I got a lot of attention and as I added more weight to the bar I got even more attention.  I have to admit that it was a little creepy to have guys that I didn’t know standing over me as I hip thrust.  It was obvious they were only curious because they didn’t have a clue as to what I was doing but it was still a little creepy.   I can’t tell you how many times I heard “Is that an ab exercise?”, “You’re going to KILL your back!”, “Did you find that in a girly magazine? It’s never going to work.  You need to stop reading that crap.”  I heard all kinds of crazy things from these people that I had never talked with before but I ignored them and just kept doing it and kept getting stronger and stronger at it.  When I started hip thrusting 2.5 times and up to 3 times my body weight it turned into fascination that a lady my size could lift that much.  The amount I was lifting was still blowing my mind but it had started blowing other folks’ minds, too.  The somewhat negative comments turned into, “how can somebody your size lift that much???”.   Great coaches, great programming, and dedication on my part.  That’s how.

I was doing band hip thrusts this week when a guy suggested that I try them with a a barbell across my lap.  The guy next to me chuckled and said, “She’s the queen of hip thrusting.  She’s been doing it for quite a while.”.  Nice compliment from the guy who told me to quit doing exercises from those girly magazines. :-)

3. Tammy, did you change up your nutrition or keep it similar?

I’ve been eating intuitively for a few years now.  I’m in my mid-40’s and I want to enjoy life which means enjoying food and the social occasions that go along with it.  I’m also a mom of two boys and I think it’s important for them to see me eat foods that many lifters feel are off limits.  I eat pizza and hamburgers with them every week.  I think it’s more about portion control instead of having food (or food groups) that are off limits and this is what I want my boys to learn.  I’m their role model and it’s not healthy if they see me freaking out over what I ate or how much I ate.   Having said that, I do realize that my diet has impeded my progress but that was something I was okay with.  I would go absolutely crazy if I counted calories, macros, etc.  I would rather be my size and shape than be on a miserable diet so that I could be a little bit leaner.

This was after 5 months of Get Glutes. At 5'3", Tammy had lost 4 lbs which brought her to 110 lbs.

This was after 5 months of Get Glutes. At 5’3″, Tammy had lost 4 lbs which brought her to 110 lbs. Pretty impressive for a 42 year old (she’s 44 now).

4. Okay, now let’s discuss the mental transformation you’ve experienced along the way.

When I started Get Glutes I just wanted to lift heavy.  I wasn’t really thinking about the physical changes that would follow and a mental transformation associated with lifting had never even crossed my mind.  I remember during the first couple of weeks of Get Glutes I used a preset barbell for glute bridges and hip thrusts.  I was repping out like crazy on it because it was too light.  So after I finished a very high rep set, I sat on the floor thinking that it was ridiculous that I was using the preset bar because I KNEW it was too light.  I glanced over at the other side of the gym where the big 45 pound bars were.   I thought if I was going to do this program and succeed at it then I was going to have go over to where all of the guys worked out to use a bar and plates.  My mind was racing with the fact that I was going to have to figure out how to set it all up, how much weight to put on the bar and still be able to lift it, and of course, I was imagining all of those guys watching me–whether they actually noticed me doing it or not really didn’t enter my mind.  I sat there a few minutes longer and decided that I would have to suck it up and just do it…first thing tomorrow morning.

The next morning I got to the gym very early and went to set up my bar with weights for the hip thrust.  I was so scared!!! Which is funny because now I know it’s really not a big deal.   Anyway, I used 25 pound plates and set it up at the END of a bench–not the side.  I dead lifted it up, sat down on the END of the bench, and then scooted down to the floor.  The set was easy peasy so I was super happy about that then it came time to get off the floor.  The plates weren’t big enough to sit directly on the floor so I the bar was laying across my lap and I was sitting at the END of the bench so I couldn’t use my elbows to help me get back up on the bench.  Essentially, I was stuck.  Hello!  I just survived doing my first real set of barbell hip thrusts and now I’m STUCK????  You have to be kidding me.   I wiggled around until I got out from underneath it. It wasn’t pretty or easy to be honest and I was mortified.  Then I hear this guy in his nice Southern drawl say, “Next time you get stuck under a bar just yell at me and I’ll come save you.”  What????  Why didn’t you save me the first time????  You sat there and watched me squirm around and didn’t offer to lift it off my lap???  But being the nice Southern girl that I am, I politely thanked him then immediately changed to the big boy plates so that I could slide under the bar without needing to be “saved”.   And yeah, that set was easy peasy, too.  I was much stronger than I knew!

So, what’s my point?  It’s okay to be scared but you can’t let it hold you back.  Everybody has a “first time” in the gym.  Mine just happens to be a funny story and when I look back on those memories I barely recognize the girl I was.  Each new exercise that I “conquered”, each additional plate that I put on the bar, each new workout gave me a huge feeling of empowerment that has carried over to other facets of my life.  My husband jokingly asks what happened to the mild and meek girl that I had always been.  Well, she found her true self after learning to lift heavy.  I’m confident and happy and maybe at times I’m a little more than he can handle.  It’s not a bad problem for him to have really. :-)

5. How has the Get Glutes forum helped you in achieving better results? 

The forum really makes Get Glutes.  The members have access to you and Kellie every day.  We can send in form checks or ask questions and you both will personally get back to us within a few hours usually.  The videos of each exercise gives us the normal variation, the regressions in case we’re not strong enough, and progressions for the more advanced lifters but the forum gives us a chance to interact with you and Kellie so it’s like having our own personal trainer.  I’m thankful for all of those times you pushed me so much higher than I ever thought I could reach.  I would laugh and think my new goals you had set for me were totally crazy but after a day or two I would totally buy into it and believe that I could reach those goals.  I may not have the biggest glutes or the best glutes but I have some damn strong glutes and I’m proud of that!

The other unique thing about Get Glutes is that you get to interact with the other girls who are doing the same program as you. I loved the friends that I have made on there.  We have shared many laughs, cheered one another on, gave comfort on those days that didn’t go so well, and have helped the newbies learn the ropes.  I have been on many exercise forums but this is the first that is always a positive and supportive group .

6. Fantastic Tammy! Last question, what are your top five tips for women who are new to fitness and are looking to improve upon their physiques? 

Set short-term and long-term goals.  A short-term goal would be something you want to accomplish by the end of the month.   A long-term goal would be a weight PR you would like to hit in 3 months.  Pick out a particular exercise and set a PR goal for that exercise.  Hip thrusts and back extensions/45 degree hypers were my favorites and so I was constantly pushing the envelope on those.  It makes it fun but it also keeps me focused on doing more.

Progressive Overload—Bret has a great article on this.  Read it.  Read it again.  (HERE is the link). Then read it one more time.  Progressive overload is where it’s at.  Record your workouts each and every time!  I know that sounds so nerdy but it’s important to track your weights so you can effectively use progressive overload.

In Get Glutes we use a variety of rep ranges— we might do sets of 5, 8, 20, 30, or even 100 and we always use heavy weights even with those high rep sets.  Pay attention to what your body responds to and alter your program accordingly.  My body loves high rep stuff although my mind isn’t always in agreement.  So I might do heavy sets of deadlifts (sets of 5 reps) one day but the other two days I would do sets of 20 to 30.   Not everybody will respond the same so you need to figure out what works for you.

If an exercise hurts then find a different variation.  This is one of the most important things that I learned from Bret.  I used to think that I was cheating if I didn’t do a workout as written but he proved me wrong.  There’s a lot of good exercises out there to choose from.

Take a video of your form.  I can’t tell you how different you *think* you look versus how you actually look doing an exercise.  It was one of the most humbling things that I have ever done but it made a huge difference in my lifting.

Thanks again Bret for giving me this opportunity to talk about my experience with Get Glutes.

Here are some numbers you asked for previously which I didn’t include in the interview:

Hip Thrusts:

Month 1 Started at BW 3×20

6 Weeks 3×5 225 pounds

14 Weeks 3×10 225 pounds  “The Official Hip Thrust Club”

Month 5 330 pounds…3 times my body weight!!!

Month 7  225×25; 295×8

45 Degree Hypers

Month 2 Started with body weight

Month 5 3×20 65 pounds

Month 6 3×6 90 pounds (I weighed 110 at the time :-))

In November 2014 I decided to increase my protein and change my training to focus a little more on high reps for glutes and hamstrings because they responded well to that in the past and high volume for my quads because of my chronic lower back and hip flexor issues.  I did lots and lots of sets of low box squats and goblet squats since they didn’t both either my back or hip flexor.  I now have very prominent hamstrings and great separation between my hamstrings and quads.  Although my quads are still lagging, my legs look the best that they ever have and for being 44 I couldn’t be happier.  I recently added in conditioning for the first time in over 2 years.  I’m wanting to get a little bit leaner without having to alter my diet.  We’ll see how it goes :-)

Here are some progress pics… The last 3 pics in the line are from Month 1 GG in March 2013, 1 year GG, and 2 years GG.   There’s not a huge difference in the pics themselves but there is a huge difference in the density of my muscles in person.  This is one time that pictures really don’t tell the whole story in my opinion.  A few days ago a guy at the gym told me he bet all of the ladies at the beach were hating on me.  He said I had put in a lot of hard work and it had paid off.  It was a nice random compliment from one of the guys who used to pick on me for doing “those crazy exercises”.  Another guy saw me taking a video for a form check one day and he asked what I was doing.  After I explained he said, “oh, I check your form every day and I can assure you it’s excellent”–a little cheesy but he’s old and cute so I’m ok with it :-)


Click on the pic to enlarge the image. These changes were solely due to gaining strength via smart training, as she quit doing conditioning/cardio and kept her diet constant.

What’s New in BC’s World?

Hi Fitness Friends! Time for a quick update.

1. Backed Up and Overloaded!

My sincere apologies to all my colleagues, I can’t keep up with social media and email responses as I’m swamped working on my PhD thesis. I have 6 weeks to complete it and Murphy’s Law has crept its way into my world – everything that can go wrong has gone wrong. EVERYTHING! I’ve been putting out nonstop fires for the past month and have lost at least a year off of my life due to stress. Please be understanding, soon it’ll be submitted and I’ll be able to breathe again. And please don’t take anything personal; lately I don’t even have time to respond to some of my best friends in the field. I have to prioritize this or it won’t get completed.

When I’m quiet and you’re not hearing from me, it means I’m working harder than ever to bring you the bestest information possible.

2. My Physique: He’s Baaaaack!

In the meantime, this happened. I’ve never worked so hard at eating properly in my entire life.

2015-06-12 00.00.00

I got fat for a while due to focusing solely on setting PRs and gaining strength (I warned about this years ago here in The Pitfalls of Progressive Overload, and it’s a consistent theme in my life). One day (2.5 months ago) I looked in the mirror and said, “enough is enough.” I lost 22 lbs in 10 weeks, going from 246 lbs to 224 lbs. The training didn’t change; it was mostly all diet. I’ll write up a blogpost with greater detail in a few days.

And just to beat all the haters to the punch: I don’t think I look that good, I lift with dudes that are far stronger, more muscular, and leaner than me, and I realize that I look like I don’t even lift. So no  need to point that out.

Nevertheless, I’m happy to see that I’ve made progress over the past few years. I’m almost 39 years old and I’m not drifting quietly into middle-agedness. I’m going to jump kick 40 right in the freakin’ face! Check out this pic (which has been my Facebook profile pic for the past few years) compared to last week’s pic:


I shed my 1990’s shorts. And I’m more jacked, more tan, and more strong, which brings me to my next point.

3. PR’s: Deadlift 405 lbs x 20 reps and Chin Up bw x 15 reps

I posted these videos on my social media channels, but in case you haven’t seen them, last week I deadlifted 405 x 20 and busted out 15 chin ups. Apparently losing weight is great for deadlifts and chin ups but not so good for bench press and squats.

4. One Study Accepted and a Few More in the Pipeline!

I haven’t announced this yet, but I just got my first original research accepted for publishing. This means just as much to me as my patent (for the Hip Thruster) and my first published book (Strong Curves). I’ve been a contributing author to 24 peer-reviewed published articles so far, but so far these have all been review papers, technical notes, special topics, and papers where I was a 2nd, 3rd, or 4th author that wasn’t the primary researcher. Contributing your own original research and injecting it into the literature has a special feeling to science geeks like me which cannot be described.

The article should be published ahead of print in the next few months, and as soon as it goes up I’ll post the link on social media and write a blogpost about the findings. It compares back squats to hip thrusts in lower body EMG activity and examines resistance trained women.

5. Pics for Squat Study

Another paper I’m in the process of getting published examines the lower body EMG activity between full back squats, full front squats, and parallel back squats. I can’t wait to report the data to you. One of the peer-reviewers took issue with the fact that the subjects in the study are women, but the pictures I used in the write-up were of me (a man), so I had my niece Gaby help me with the pictures. I had to laugh – I wonder if the reviewer will be satisfied or have a heart attack with the scantily clad photos. At least he can’t complain about squat depth! When the Glute Guy publishes a study, these are the types of pics you can expect LOL.


6. Case Study on Identical Twins

I’m really excited that my final study for my PhD will involve looking at a pair of identical female twins. One will doing just squats and the other will doing just hip thrusts. Technically it’s not a case study; it’s a single subject design using two subjects. But anyway, I’m going to use ultrasound to see if the acute EMG activity data accurately reflects changes in muscle thickness longitudinally. Knowing how much genetics impacts results, I’m actually just as interested in learning this data as a fully powered training study.

7. Get Glutes Sale

In case you didn’t know yet, we’re having a sale this week on lifetime subscriptions to Get Glutes. This will be the last time Kellie and I offer the discount, which is currently set at $149 (a steal in my opinion). See HERE for more info.


8. Hip Thruster Can Take a Beating

In case you haven’t seen this yet, check out THIS video showing the hip thruster easily withstand 1,000 kgs (2,205 lbs) of loading. You can trust that the hip thruster is built to last my friends!

hip thruster

Okay that’s all folks, catch you later!