Category Archives: Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

January Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

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Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. How should we program exercise with blood flow restriction (BFR)?
  2. Can low‑load resistance exercise cause muscle swelling with and without BFR?
  3. Is follicular- or luteal phase-based strength training better for women?
  4. Does one bout of eccentric exercise lead to changes in local blood flow?
  5. Does high-intensity exercise training alter the acute growth hormone response?
  6. Can high-intensity stretching alter muscle fascicle length?
  7. Do unilateral, bilateral and combined plyometrics cause different training adaptations?
  8. Does strength training improve time trial ability in cyclists?
  9. Can mental fatigue impair intermittent running performance?
  10. Is rotational mobility associated with throwing velocity?

Nolan Ryan

Biomechanics & Motor Control

  1. Is hexagonal barbell jump squat power output related to jumping ability?
  2. What is the optimal load for peak power output in the hexagonal barbell jump squat?
  3. What are the force-velocity characteristics of the hang high pull?
  4. What is the relationship between the power clean from the floor, knee and mid-thigh 1RMs?
  5. How does stability affect 1RM in the back squat?
  6. Is force output in the isometric squat associated with back squat 1RM?
  7. Do exercises used in injury prevention programs alter cutting task biomechanics?
  8. Can motor unit synchronization be altered with training?
  9. Which head and arm positions elicit maximal voluntary spinal ROM?
  10. Does muscle hypertrophy alter the moment arm of the triceps brachii?
  11. Can standard and ankle-specific vertical jumps predict sprint running ability?
  12. Can the ADIM during hip extension alter muscle onset time of the gluteus maximus?

froning

Anatomy, Physiology & Nutrition

  1. Is dietary intake of saturated fat associated with risk of coronary events or mortality?
  2. Does reducing saturated fat intake affect circulating saturated fatty acids?
  3. Do ketogenic diets really suppress appetite?
  4. What do nutrition professionals need to know about sleep?
  5. How does sleep affect athletic performance?
  6. Is mortality lower in former elite endurance athletes?
  7. Is mortality similarly low in sprint-trained and endurance athletes?
  8. How do appetite hormones affect bone metabolism?
  9. Is losing weight always the right recommendation for overweight and obese individuals?
  10. Does performing aerobic exercise fasted lead to greater weight loss than non-fasted?
  11. Is peri-exercise ingestion of a multi-ingredient ergogenic nutritional supplement effective?
  12. Does muscle protein synthesis differ between single- and multiple doses of the same overall amount of protein?
  13. What are the anatomical features of the proximal attachment of the hamstring muscles?

sleep

Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation

  1. What is the purpose of the FMS, according to its inventors?
  2. What are the underlying concepts behind the FMS, according to its inventors?
  3. Is the sum score of the FMS a valid test to measure in elite athletes?
  4. Does foam rolling reduce DOMS and speed recovery of athletic performance measures?
  5. Does self-myofascial release increase joint ROM acutely?
  6. What are the latest findings of the myofascial pain literature?
  7. Can massage reduce muscle stiffness acutely?
  8. Is there a mechanistic link between obesity and tendinopathy?
  9. Is eccentric training effective for insertional achilles tendinopathy?
  10. Could rhabdomyolysis be caused by training with electromyostimulation?
  11. Is vitamin D deficiency associated with the progression of knee osteoarthritis?
  12. Could neuromuscular exercise be used to treat knee osteoarthritis?
  13. Do individuals with patellofemoral pain smaller less hip ROM?
  14. Do males with patellofemoral pain have lower hip and knee strength?
  15. Do professional field hockey players display pathological changes in the lumbar spine?

massage

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December Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

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Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Does eccentric-only training cause more hypertrophy than standard resistance-training in elderly men?
  2. Does high-volume cause more hypertrophy than low-volume resistance-training in postmenopausal women?
  3. Which type of training is best for improving athletic qualities in young females?
  4. What determines sprinting performance in elite rugby union and league players?
  5. What determines sprinting performance in highly-trained youth soccer players?
  6. Which are best for improving agility: multidirectional sprints or small-sided games?
  7. How are jumping, sprinting and agility related in soccer players?
  8. Is 9.58 seconds for 100m approaching the limits of human performance?
  9. Do elite endurance runners improve VO2-max over a year?
  10. Do post-activation potentiation drills increase performance in collegiate athletes?

sprinting

Biomechanics & Motor Control

  1. Do rest intervals between stretches increase range of motion?
  2. Are the negative effects of stretching on force production related to flexibility?
  3. Can stretching reduce subsequent eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage?
  4. Does preferential eccentric hamstring fatigue occur following simulated soccer?
  5. At what muscle lengths does peak activation of the hamstrings occur in sprinting?
  6. How do machine-based and elastic-resistance-based knee flexion exercises differ?
  7. Do the hamstrings primarily perform hip extension or knee flexion?
  8. Can muscle architecture predict jumping and sprint running performance?
  9. Does muscle activity change with relative load in the jump squat?
  10. Can muscle architecture predict treadmill sprint running performance?
  11. Does footwear affect squat depth?
  12. Does muscle activity differ between split squats and standard squats?
  13. Does increasing load increase activation of the shoulder muscles during press-up variations?
  14. How does shoulder rotation angle affect muscle activation during press-ups?

oly shoes

Anatomy, Physiology & Nutrition

  1. Can the distribution of daily protein intake affect muscular hypertrophy?
  2. Do protein supplements increase hypertrophy in elderly people performing resistance training?
  3. What is the molecular basis for load-induced muscular hypertrophy?
  4. Is the acute satellite cell response related to long-term muscular hypertrophy?
  5. How common is Vitamin D inadequacy in athletes?
  6. What do we know about Vitamin D and athletic performance?
  7. Does caffeine ingestion force production similarly in upper- and lower-body muscles?
  8. Have anabolic steroids been detected in bodybuilding dietary supplements?
  9. Does estrogen affect neuromuscular function in postmenopausal women?
  10. How variable is biceps femoris aponeurosis size?
  11. What is the driver of the Kenyan distance-running phenomenon?

muscle beach

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Do FMS scores differ between males and females?
  2. Do FMS scores changes over a season in athletes?
  3. Do foam rolling and stretching have additive effects?
  4. Does self-myofascial release reduce physical stress?
  5. Are core stability exercises effective for low back pain in athletes?
  6. Is aerobic exercise effective for chronic low back pain?
  7. Are hip- or knee-strengthening interventions more effective for patellofemoral pain?
  8. What are the movement characteristics of patients with posterior pelvic pain?
  9. How do patients view the use of placebos in pain management?
  10. Are smartphone apps reliable for measuring joint range-of-motion?
  11. Are yoga poses effective for scoliosis?
  12. Does hamstring activity differ between muscles in the prone leg curl?
  13. Is neurodynamic sliding technique effective for increasing hamstring flexibility?
  14. Are glucocorticoids associated with healing responses in human rotator cuff tendon?
  15. Does muscle activity alter in scapular posterior tilt exercise after pectoralis minor stretching?

side plank

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November Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

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Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Does resistance-training improve track sprinting?
  2. Which training method is best for sprinting?
  3. Can brief, infrequent resistance exercise improve strength?
  4. Does pre-exhausting the biceps brachii muscle affect front lat pull-down performance?
  5. Is tri-set better than multiple-set training for strength in trained females?
  6. Are short rest periods better than long rest periods for strength in elderly males?
  7. Is circuit or hypertrophy training best for strength in obese elderly females?
  8. Can low-load BFR training produce equal gains to heavy-load training?
  9. Can deadlifting increase vertical jump performance?
  10. Does stretching compromise strength gains in trained females?
  11. Which rugby league is best?
  12. Should the bilateral force deficit inform exercise selection?
  13. Are sub-maximal or maximal relative loads best for strength?
  14. Can elastic resistance bands be used to create a PAP effect?

usain

Biomechanics & Motor Control

  1. How does muscle activity differ between squats and split squats?
  2. How does muscle activity differ between squats and weighted sled pushes?
  3. Is there a sticking region in squats?
  4. How does expertise affect force application in the blocks in sprinting?
  5. Is the Nordic hamstring lower a good field-assessment of eccentric hamstring strength?
  6. Are the hamstring muscles at greatest risk in early stance or late swing?
  7. Which are the best bodyweight hamstrings exercises?
  8. How does eccentric 1RM relate to concentric 1RM?
  9. How do vertical and horizontal jumps correlate with sprinting?
  10. What does the piriformis really do?
  11. Does muscle activity in the medial and lateral latissimus dorsi differ between exercises?
  12. Do muscle activity in the proximal and distal rectus femoris differ between joint angles?
  13. Does greater lower-body stiffness mean better athletic performance?

squat

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. Does caffeine supplementation increase energy used during exercise?
  2. Does resistance-training reduce urinary formaldehyde caused by creatine supplementation?
  3. How much protein do older adults need to maintain muscle mass?
  4. Is bariatric surgery or exercise plus diet better for maintaining muscle mass?
  5. Does interval training intensity affect energy intake in obese men?
  6. Does dehydration cause muscle cramps?
  7. Can prebiotic and probiotic supplements reduce fat gain?
  8. Do satellite cells increase after training in men with low testosterone?
  9. Does regional hypertrophy occur medially-to-laterally in the vastus lateralis?
  10. Why do people have unscientific beliefs about nutrition?
  11. How does acute exercise affect the right ventricle of the heart?
  12. How might blood-flow restriction (BFR) resistance training cause hypertrophy?

Platz quads

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Does hip angle affect gluteus medius muscle activity in the clamshell and side-lying hip abduction?
  2. Does walking with wide steps increase gluteus medius muscle activity?
  3. Do lateral and standard elliptical machines involve similar gluteus medius muscle activity?
  4. Which test is best for the strength of each subdivision of the gluteus medius?
  5. Can isometric hip abduction help increase gluteus maximus muscle activity during glute bridges?
  6. Is greater gluteus maximus muscle activity during single-leg hops associated with better function post-ACL repair?
  7. Does muscle architecture change during eccentric training for tendinopathy?
  8. Can vibration therapy help reduce DOMS after eccentric exercise?
  9. Can the FMS predict injuries in coast guard cadets?
  10. Can the FMS predict injuries in Division I athletes?
  11. Is the CSCS credential useful for the physical therapist?

banded glute bridge

You can click HERE to buy this edition as a back issue. Like all our editions, it’s packed with 50 great study reviews covering a range of topics relevant to exercise and physical therapy professionals alike, and it only costs $10 for the whole thing!

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October Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

Hi fitness folks! Do you know the answer to the October strength & conditioning research review questions? If not, you ought to subscribe to our research review service. The review costs just $10 per month and is released on the first day of each month. To subscribe, just click on the button below and follow the instructions…

 

Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Does periodization enhance gains in muscular size?
  2. Do low- or high-relative loads lead to superior gains in muscular power in old people?
  3. Do the benefits of strength training out-weigh the costs for endurance athletes?
  4. Does a warm-up improve subsequent resistance training performance?
  5. Does order of aerobic, strength, flexibility, and motor skills training affect exercise responses?
  6. Can once-weekly HIT help maintain endurance performance in the off-season?
  7. How does high-intensity interval duration affect perceived exertion?
  8. How does relative load affect the size of the PAP effect?
  9. Can plyometrics be used to create a PAP effect for sprinting?
  10. What is the relationship between sprint ability and jump tests in elite sprinters?
  11. What is the relationship between weighted vertical jump performance and sprint ability?
  12. What is the prevalence of doping use in elite sport?
  13. What are the long-term effects of anabolic steroids?
  14. How does deadlift training affect leg muscle strength and co-activation?

deadlift

Biomechanics & Motor Control

  1. Can compression garments accelerate recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage?
  2. Do cuff pressure and relative load affect muscle activity during BFR training?
  3. Is EMG activity higher when exercising with high vs. low-relative loads to failure?
  4. Is training the gastrocnemius important for reducing ACL injury risk?
  5. Does reduced hamstring strength increase ACL injury risk?
  6. Does limited ankle-dorsiflexion ROM increase ACL injury risk?
  7. Are hip muscle forces reducing during stance by increasing stride frequency?
  8. Which muscles contribute to propulsion and braking during endurance running?
  9. Which exercises recruit the abdominal muscles most for the least spine loading?
  10. Which side-bridge variations are effective for recruiting the gluteus medius?
  11. Do the abdominal and paraspinal muscles interact through the thoracolumbar fascia?
  12. Does reduced fascicle strain explain the repeated bout effect on muscle soreness?
  13. Do different Olympic weightlifting variations lead to different acute power outputs?
  14. Is titin responsible for the phenomenon of residual force enhancement?
  15. What is the role of titin during the formation of sarcomeres?

BFR

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. Do protein supplements increase aerobic and anaerobic power as well as muscular size?
  2. Is dietary protein useful for endurance athletes?
  3. Do different types of resistance-training lead to different immune responses?
  4. How does exogenous growth hormone therapy reduce losses in muscle mass?
  5. How does hormonal contraception alter brain function and behavior?
  6. Can pre-workout supplements cause fast improvements in strength and size?
  7. Which diet programs are best for overweight and obese adults?
  8. Are low-carbohydrate or low-fat diets better for weight loss?
  9. What is the role of satellite cells during development and hypertrophy?

satellite cell

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Can aspects of muscle architecture predict hamstring strain injury risk?
  2. Is low eccentric hamstring strength a risk factor for hamstring injury?
  3. Is poor single-leg hop performance a risk factor for hamstring injury?
  4. Does muscle architecture differ in injured hamstrings?
  5. What medical interventions are best for treating hamstring injury?
  6. Can MRI be used to provide a return to play prognosis after hamstring injury?
  7. Can strength training help improve plantar fasciitis?
  8. Can neuromuscular electrical stimulation cause hypertrophy in young, healthy males?
  9. How much muscle force is transmitted to fascia during exercise?
  10. How important is myofascial force transmission for the semitendinosus?
  11. Are test scores given on the FMS objective?
  12. What are typical FMS scores in healthy distance runners?

hams

You can click HERE to buy this edition as a back issue. Like all our editions, it’s packed with 50 great study reviews covering a range of topics relevant to exercise and physical therapy professionals alike, and it only costs $10 for the whole thing!

Not interested in these topics? Why not check out our brand new, free hypertrophy resource instead!