Category Archives: Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

November Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

usain

Hi fitness folks! Do you know the answer to the November S&C research review questions? If not, you ought to subscribe to our research review service. To subscribe, just click on the button below and follow the instructions…

 

Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Does resistance-training improve track sprinting?
  2. Which training method is best for sprinting?
  3. Can brief, infrequent resistance exercise improve strength?
  4. Does pre-exhausting the biceps brachii muscle affect front lat pull-down performance?
  5. Is tri-set better than multiple-set training for strength in trained females?
  6. Are short rest periods better than long rest periods for strength in elderly males?
  7. Is circuit or hypertrophy training best for strength in obese elderly females?
  8. Can low-load BFR training produce equal gains to heavy-load training?
  9. Can deadlifting increase vertical jump performance?
  10. Does stretching compromise strength gains in trained females?
  11. Which rugby league is best?
  12. Should the bilateral force deficit inform exercise selection?
  13. Are sub-maximal or maximal relative loads best for strength?
  14. Can elastic resistance bands be used to create a PAP effect?

Biomechanics & Motor Control

  1. How does muscle activity differ between squats and split squats?
  2. How does muscle activity differ between squats and weighted sled pushes?
  3. Is there a sticking region in squats?
  4. How does expertise affect force application in the blocks in sprinting?
  5. Is the Nordic hamstring lower a good field-assessment of eccentric hamstring strength?
  6. Are the hamstring muscles at greatest risk in early stance or late swing?
  7. Which are the best bodyweight hamstrings exercises?
  8. How does eccentric 1RM relate to concentric 1RM?
  9. How do vertical and horizontal jumps correlate with sprinting?
  10. What does the piriformis really do?
  11. Does muscle activity in the medial and lateral latissimus dorsi differ between exercises?
  12. Do muscle activity in the proximal and distal rectus femoris differ between joint angles?
  13. Does greater lower-body stiffness mean better athletic performance?

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. Does caffeine supplementation increase energy used during exercise?
  2. Does resistance-training reduce urinary formaldehyde caused by creatine supplementation?
  3. How much protein do older adults need to maintain muscle mass?
  4. Is bariatric surgery or exercise plus diet better for maintaining muscle mass?
  5. Does interval training intensity affect energy intake in obese men?
  6. Does dehydration cause muscle cramps?
  7. Can prebiotic and probiotic supplements reduce fat gain?
  8. Do satellite cells increase after training in men with low testosterone?
  9. Does regional hypertrophy occur medially-to-laterally in the vastus lateralis?
  10. Why do people have unscientific beliefs about nutrition?
  11. How does acute exercise affect the right ventricle of the heart?
  12. How might blood-flow restriction (BFR) resistance training cause hypertrophy?

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Does hip angle affect gluteus medius muscle activity in the clamshell and side-lying hip abduction?
  2. Does walking with wide steps increase gluteus medius muscle activity?
  3. Do lateral and standard elliptical machines involve similar gluteus medius muscle activity?
  4. Which test is best for the strength of each subdivision of the gluteus medius?
  5. Can isometric hip abduction help increase gluteus maximus muscle activity during glute bridges?
  6. Is greater gluteus maximus muscle activity during single-leg hops associated with better function post-ACL repair?
  7. Does muscle architecture change during eccentric training for tendinopathy?
  8. Can vibration therapy help reduce DOMS after eccentric exercise?
  9. Can the FMS predict injuries in coast guard cadets?
  10. Can the FMS predict injuries in Division I athletes?
  11. Is the CSCS credential useful for the physical therapist?

You can click HERE to buy this edition as a back issue. Like all our editions, it’s packed with 50 great study reviews covering a range of topics relevant to exercise and physical therapy professionals alike, and it only costs $10 for the whole thing!

Not interested in these topics? Why not check out our brand new, free hypertrophy resource instead!

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October Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

deadlift

Hi fitness folks! Do you know the answer to the October strength & conditioning research review questions? If not, you ought to subscribe to our research review service. The review costs just $10 per month and is released on the first day of each month. To subscribe, just click on the button below and follow the instructions…

 

Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Does periodization enhance gains in muscular size?
  2. Do low- or high-relative loads lead to superior gains in muscular power in old people?
  3. Do the benefits of strength training out-weigh the costs for endurance athletes?
  4. Does a warm-up improve subsequent resistance training performance?
  5. Does order of aerobic, strength, flexibility, and motor skills training affect exercise responses?
  6. Can once-weekly HIT help maintain endurance performance in the off-season?
  7. How does high-intensity interval duration affect perceived exertion?
  8. How does relative load affect the size of the PAP effect?
  9. Can plyometrics be used to create a PAP effect for sprinting?
  10. What is the relationship between sprint ability and jump tests in elite sprinters?
  11. What is the relationship between weighted vertical jump performance and sprint ability?
  12. What is the prevalence of doping use in elite sport?
  13. What are the long-term effects of anabolic steroids?
  14. How does deadlift training affect leg muscle strength and co-activation?

Biomechanics & Motor Control

  1. Can compression garments accelerate recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage?
  2. Do cuff pressure and relative load affect muscle activity during BFR training?
  3. Is EMG activity higher when exercising with high vs. low-relative loads to failure?
  4. Is training the gastrocnemius important for reducing ACL injury risk?
  5. Does reduced hamstring strength increase ACL injury risk?
  6. Does limited ankle-dorsiflexion ROM increase ACL injury risk?
  7. Are hip muscle forces reducing during stance by increasing stride frequency?
  8. Which muscles contribute to propulsion and braking during endurance running?
  9. Which exercises recruit the abdominal muscles most for the least spine loading?
  10. Which side-bridge variations are effective for recruiting the gluteus medius?
  11. Do the abdominal and paraspinal muscles interact through the thoracolumbar fascia?
  12. Does reduced fascicle strain explain the repeated bout effect on muscle soreness?
  13. Do different Olympic weightlifting variations lead to different acute power outputs?
  14. Is titin responsible for the phenomenon of residual force enhancement?
  15. What is the role of titin during the formation of sarcomeres?

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. Do protein supplements increase aerobic and anaerobic power as well as muscular size?
  2. Is dietary protein useful for endurance athletes?
  3. Do different types of resistance-training lead to different immune responses?
  4. How does exogenous growth hormone therapy reduce losses in muscle mass?
  5. How does hormonal contraception alter brain function and behavior?
  6. Can pre-workout supplements cause fast improvements in strength and size?
  7. Which diet programs are best for overweight and obese adults?
  8. Are low-carbohydrate or low-fat diets better for weight loss?
  9. What is the role of satellite cells during development and hypertrophy?

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Can aspects of muscle architecture predict hamstring strain injury risk?
  2. Is low eccentric hamstring strength a risk factor for hamstring injury?
  3. Is poor single-leg hop performance a risk factor for hamstring injury?
  4. Does muscle architecture differ in injured hamstrings?
  5. What medical interventions are best for treating hamstring injury?
  6. Can MRI be used to provide a return to play prognosis after hamstring injury?
  7. Can strength training help improve plantar fasciitis?
  8. Can neuromuscular electrical stimulation cause hypertrophy in young, healthy males?
  9. How much muscle force is transmitted to fascia during exercise?
  10. How important is myofascial force transmission for the semitendinosus?
  11. Are test scores given on the FMS objective?
  12. What are typical FMS scores in healthy distance runners?

You can click HERE to buy this edition as a back issue. Like all our editions, it’s packed with 50 great study reviews covering a range of topics relevant to exercise and physical therapy professionals alike, and it only costs $10 for the whole thing!

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September Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

bench-press-accomadting-resistance

Hi fitness folks! Do you know the answer to the September S&C research review questions? If not, you ought to subscribe to our research review service. The review costs just $10 per month and is released on the first day of each month. To subscribe, just click on the button below and follow the instructions…

 

Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Is strongman training as effective as conventional resistance-training for athletes?
  2. Does resistance-training lead to similar gains in strength and size in young and older men, and are the mechanisms that cause the improvements the same?
  3. Does stretch-shortening cycle training lead to greater improvements in rate of force development than eccentric-only training?
  4. Are bands or chains better for improving bench press 1RM in collegiate athletes (or is there no difference)?
  5. Does eccentric-only exercise lead to greater hypertrophy than concentric-only training?
  6. Can females increase resistance-training load faster than males, and does it depend on whether we’re referring to upper or lower body?
  7. Do 1-minute or 2-minute rest periods lead to significantly different training volumes?
  8. Do increases in squat strength transfer positively to sprint running ability?
  9. Does strength and power explain the variance in sprint performance in youth male athletes?
  10. Does just 2-3 minutes of running sprint interval training 3 times per week cause fat loss in women?
  11. How does rest period duration affect hypertrophy?
  12. Is pre-exhaustion training more or less effective for strength gains and body composition improvements compared to standard training?

Biomechanics & motor control

  1. Can back squats provide a PAP effect on repeated sprints?
  2. What are the muscular strategies utilized for increasing running speed?
  3. How does the plank with a long lever and posterior tilt compare to the traditional plank in terms of core muscle activity?
  4. How does core muscle activity change when performing prone, side, and supine bridges on a Bosu versus a Swiss ball?
  5. Can sprint running speeds be predicted by spring-mass models, and does it depend on the experience level of the sprinter?
  6. What is the relationship between cutting mechanics, performance and ACL injury risk?
  7. Are the hips the key to powerful overhand throwing?
  8. Is hamstring-to-quadriceps ratio different between soccer players and untrained subjects?
  9. Do long- and short-length isometric training programs produce different adaptations?
  10. Is lengthening velocity key to increasing fascicle length during eccentric training?
  11. Does muscle length affect voluntary activation level in children and adults?
  12. How does resistance-training affect muscle activation in elderly people?
  13. How does muscle length affect force production and muscle activation?

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. Which types of workouts lead to the biggest anabolic signaling response?
  2. How do metabolic and hormonal responses to HIIT and moderate-intensity exercise differ?
  3. Does exercise order affect post-exercise hormonal responses in concurrent training?
  4. What is the best caloric deficit for fat loss during short-term diets in athletes?
  5. How does training status and protein timing post-workout affect nitrogen balance?
  6. Do high-protein diets lead to less stress and fatigue than moderate-protein moderate-fat diets?
  7. Are low carbohydrate diets superior for weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors?
  8. Can exercise + diet programs prevent regain of lost weight in overweight and obese adults?
  9. Can increasing fruit and vegetable intake enhance weight loss?
  10. Does eccentric or concentric training promote more satellite cell content?
  11. Does whey protein promote satellite cell proliferation?
  12. Is cardiac output reduced in functionally overreached triathletes?
  13. How does patellofemoral anatomy contribute to patellar tracking?
  14. Does probiotic supplementation reduce the incidence of infection?

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Are FMS scores correlated with multidirectional running and jumping ability?
  2. Can the FMS assess the effects of a functional movement training program?
  3. Are there any evidence-based treatments for shin splints in the collegiate athlete?
  4. How should anterior knee pain in the athlete be treated?
  5. How should cases of low back pain be evaluated?
  6. How can we differentiate between shoulder arthritis and rotator cuff disease?
  7. Do AC and SC joint motions differ between individuals with and without shoulder pain?
  8. Does GH joint motion differ between individuals with and without shoulder pain?
  9. How does exercise therapy help reduce chronic musculoskeletal pain?
  10. How can the injured athlete best avoid losing muscle mass?

You can click HERE to buy this edition as a back issue. Like all our editions, it’s packed with 50 great study reviews covering a range of topics relevant to exercise and physical therapy professionals alike, and it only costs $10 for the whole thing!

Not interested in these topics? Why not check out our brand new, free hypertrophy resource instead!

read more

August Strength & Conditioning Research Questions

basic-reverse-lunge

Hi fitness folks! Do you know the answer to the August S&C research review questions? If not, you ought to subscribe to our research review service. The review costs just $10 per month and is released on the first day of each month. To subscribe, just click on the button below and follow the instructions…

 

Strength & Conditioning, Power and Hypertrophy

  1. Can the band-resisted push-up lead to similar strength gains as the bench press?
  2. Are periodized resistance-training training programs better than non-periodized ones?
  3. Does concurrent training interfere with strength gains in resistance-trained females?
  4. Does high or low-velocity resistance-training increase strength and sprint speed most?
  5. Can unstable-surface training improve strength as effectively as standard resistance-training?
  6. Does performing exercises as supersets reduce their performance?
  7. How does tapering affect performance in professional rugby league players?
  8. Can increases in intracellular water explain strength and power improvements?
  9. Do the effects of interval training differ when performed once daily vs. twice every second day?
  10. How does block periodization affect transfer of strength and power training to sprint running performance?
  11. What are the acceleration and sprint profiles of a professional elite football team in match play?
  12. What lunge exercises should be used to develop world-standard squash players?

Have you developed a lunge progression system?

Biomechanics & motor control

  1. How does ROM and foot position affect quadriceps EMG activity during leg extensions?
  2. Are there regional differences in EMG activity during different hamstrings exercises?
  3. Does EMG activity differ between push-ups on the floor and in suspension training systems?
  4. How does trunk flexion affect EMG activity of the shoulder and trunk muscles during push-ups?
  5. How does load affect peak power in the deadlift?
  6. How does load affect measures of central and peripheral fatigue during explosive exercise?
  7. Can plyometric exercises be ranked for intensity using joint power absorption?
  8. Do changes in muscle architecture cause the PAP effect?
  9. Does the size of the PAP effect differ depending on the muscle action in the performance contraction?
  10. How do EMG activity and spine load compare in different pulling exercises?
  11. How does force direction affect spine loads where moments are identical?
  12. Where on the length-tension curve are sarcomeres in the lumbar spine muscles in the anatomical position?
  13. What factors predict normalized power off the block in elite sprinters?
  14. Can neuromuscular electrical stimulation training change muscle stiffness?
  15. What are the main predictors of rate of force development?

What is the load that maximizes peak power in the deadlift? Hint: It’s not 30% as shown in previous research.

Anatomy, physiology & nutrition

  1. How does eating rate affect energy intake and hunger?
  2. How does beta‐hydroxyl‐beta‐methyl-butyrate free acid supplementation affect muscle mass, strength, and power in resistance‐trained individuals?
  3. Is creatine supplementation post‐exercise effective in middle-to-older aged males?
  4. How much protein should athletes consume during periods of weight loss?
  5. How does caffeine supplementation affect strength and muscle activity in resistance-training?
  6. How should we program low-carbohydrate endurance training?
  7. How does dietary glycemic index affect weight loss, satiety and inflammation?
  8. Can a single bout of exercise remove the difference in insulin resistance between physically active and sedentary overweight adults?
  9. Does ibuprofen treatment affect signaling responses in muscle post-exercise?
  10. How does calcium lactate supplementation affect exercise performance?

Does caffeine help muscles activate faster during explosive movements?

Physical therapy & rehabilitation

  1. Do structural changes explain the response to therapeutic exercises in tendinopathy?
  2. What causes rotator cuff tendinopathy?
  3. Is the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) screen reliable?
  4. Does foam rolling improve flexibility without altering force production capability?
  5. Does foam rolling help reduce muscle soreness?
  6. Does kinesiological taping reduce pain in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome?
  7. Does kinesiological taping increase muscle strength?
  8. Does joint mobilization improve the effects of an exercise program for shoulder dysfunction?
  9. Does open kinetic chain training help rehabilitate the ACL-injured knee?
  10. Are elastic resistance bands as effective as machine weights for hip abduction exercises?
  11. What are the types of non-arthritic hip pain in young and active people?
  12. How does muscle activity differ between athletes with and without hamstring strain injury?
  13. How does hip abductor muscle fatigue affect knee valgus during step landings?

Does SMR works at least in part via central mechanisms?

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